The Tower (1928): Manuscript Materials | Book, Essay
- Book description:
W. B. Yeats's The Tower , first published in 1928 and later revised a number of times, arrived in its final form after many years of dedicated labor. Yeats here is concerned with the "rooting of mythology in the earth," binding almost every poem to the image of Thoor Ballylee, the building in the west of Ireland that he saw as a permanent symbol of his work. Still considered one of the seminal volumes of modern poetry, its themes are both intensely personal and determinedly universal: old age and its attendant problems, the relationship between Nature and Art, the natural and the supernatural or spiritual, the self and the world. In her unsigned review of the collection, Virginia Woolf was to declare, "Mr Yeats has never written more exactly and more passionately." Yet the poet was never satisfied, and in this volume we can trace the alterations, some subtle and others startling, of the hard-earned technique resulting in such major works as "Sailing to Byzantium," "Among School Children," "Leda and the Swan," and "Meditations in Time of Civil War." In the Cornell Yeats edition of The Tower , materials presented include transcriptions and photographs of the earliest recoverable drafts and selected transcriptions from the most interesting manuscripts and annotated typescripts. Collations of closely related materials, including printed readings preceding the 1928 volume, are attached to transcriptions of the texts to which they lead or from which they stem. Appendixes reveal the different ordering of titles in The Tower that Yeats provided both before and after 1928.
- Book Authors:
- William Butler Yeats ( marked /ˈjeɪts/ ) was an Irish poet and playwright, and one of the first figures of twentieth century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary constitutions, in his ulterior old ages Yeats served as an Irish Senator for two footings. He was a drive force behind the Irish Literary Revival, and along with Lady Gregory and Edward Martyn founded the Abbey Theatre, functioning as its head during its early old ages. In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for what the Nobel Committee described as divine poesy, which in a extremely artistic signifier gives look to the spirit of a whole state. He was the first Irishman so honored. Yeats is by and large considered one of the few authors who completed their greatest plants after being awarded the Nobel Prize ; such plants include The Tower ( 1928 ) and The Winding Stair and Other Poems ( 1929 ) .Yeats was born and educated in Dublin but spent his childhood in County Sligo. He studied poesy in his young person, and from an early age was fascinated by both Irish fables and the supernatural. Those subjects feature in the first stage of his work, which lasted approximately until the bend of the century. His earliest volume of poetry was published in 1889, and those slow paced and lyrical verse forms display debts to Edmund Spenser and Percy Bysshe Shelley, every bit good as to the Pre-Raphaelite poets. From 1900, Yeats ' poesy grew more physical and realistic. He mostly renounced the nonnatural beliefs of his young person, though he remained bemused with physical and religious masks, every bit good as with cyclical theories of life. -- from Wikipedia
- Richard J. Finneran was general editor, with George Mills Harper, of The Collected Works of W. B. Yeats for many old ages ; series editor of The Poems in the Cornell Yeats ; and editor of Yeats: An Annual of Critical and Textual Studies, among other plants. He held the Hodges Chair of Excellence at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville ; was a past president of the South Atlantic Modern Language Association ; and served as executive manager of the Society for Textual Scholarship.
The Tower (1928): Manuscript Materials Essay
- Another book of Yeats poems -- I really swapped my reappraisals of The Tower and The Green Helmet and Other Tails. Again, some verse forms are truly good, others I have no thought what is traveling on. I wish I had read it in a category with person knowing to assist me with these. I am interested in Irish poets from my visit to Dublin and Trinity college. In my reappraisal of Seamus Heaney 's Death of a Naturalist, I casually referred to Yeatsian idealism, to contrast the earlier poet 's elect modernism with Heaney 's later and more modest poetic of the sod and bog. Facility with such phrases as Yeatsian idealism is the fruit of a general instruction, but as poesy is in the specifics, it is good for us by and large educated to re-consult ( or sometimes, honestly, consult for the first clip ) the primary beginnings to guarantee that we really know what we 're speaking about. This is peak Yeats. Similar experience to first reading TS Eliot ; I did n't hold on the bulk of verse forms, but I liked the 1s I could. Sailing to Byzantium was first-class. Other favourites: The Gift of Harun Al-Rashid ; All Souls ' Night ; Leda and the Swan. enjoyed the Symbolism in the Wheel & great lines like, A adult male in his ain secret speculation. liked that there were multiple Notes in the dorsum, de-obfuscating and explicating the mentions and symbols. I will necessitate to read more Yeats in order to go a Renaissance adult male in full... The Tower is a exuberant aggregation of fluid, lyrical, rhymic verse forms that span the bredth of history and geographics from Greece to Ireland, from a mystical, fabulous yesteryear to the present. They are adventuresome, journeyman verse forms, packed with play and softened with touches of nostalgia. Their landscapes are rich and lively, full of vegetations and zoologies, bird vocal and crashing oceans. Their significances are slippy and ill-defined, weaving from one subject to another at will, but ever tied together by Yeat 's song-like rimes, at one time irregular, surprising, and gratifyingly, crunchily concrete. Each lost rime is returned, a changeless wane and flux - this is a squirming, beautiful aggregation, hard to trap down and easy to bask. This is great poesy, great authorship ; even an idiot like me can experience that. But I have to acknowledge that it is beyond my ability to genuinely understand the significance, the kernel of what the poet was stating, and non merely with this work but any poesy. So I merely read, bask it ( or non ) , and use it to my life, my ideas, my sensitivenesss ( or non ) . The face on this book is the first ground to read this aggregation of verse forms. The 2nd and 3rd and 4th and five... are the verse forms inside. . When I am Yeats ' age at the clip he wrote The Tower, I hope to better understand all the concealed beds of intending he puts Forth in these verse forms. Released in 1928, The Tower marks him at his most mature, functioning as a contrast to all the romantic verse form he 'd written in the 1800s. If there is an implicit in subject to these verse forms, it 's that Yeats has reluctantly succumbed to the lunacy of a universe run by greed and war, and yearns to rediscover the verve he 'd had in his young person. Metaphorically, The Tower stands for his backbreaking ascent through life, populating through his infatuation with Maud Gonne, World War I, and the Irish Civil War. All the things he can see from the top of his tower merely function as painful reminders of his lost artlessness. The parallel with Romanticism devolving into Modernism in the early twentieth century absolutely coincides with this journey, doing Yeats one of those rare poets whose ain position displacements with the altering times. A rareness like this, combined with some consummate authorship accomplishments, is a true approval for the universe of poesy. It 's no admiration that, along with T.S. Eliot, he 's considered the greatest poet of his coevals. Personally, I consider him one of the best poets of any coevals. I have mummy truths to state Amazing poesy from a more civilised universe. At times it feels as if Yeats is whining about being old, but whining in the most beautiful manner. The material about the Irish Civil War was less interesting, but however this is reasonably good. IMO, The Tower was the best 1 in here ; my favourite of his verse form, The Second Coming, is n't in this 1. Fairly up and down for me, but the highs were really high, and the depressions were nil awful. I Compelling. Lovely. I have been desiring to read Yeats for a long clip and found this book at the Library. Favorites: Sailing to Byzantium, The Wheel, The Hero, The Girl, and The Fool, Owen Ahern and his Dancers, A Man Young and Old, and The Gift of Harun Al-Rashid. Lovely book - but Yeats is in his full neo-classical phase here. Sure, Leda and the Swan is ardent - but much of the remainder is far excessively rational. The best parts are when he focuses on his modern-day Ireland - The Tower, Meditations in Time of Civil War, and Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen. Truly did n't like it. I do n't cognize why. I 'll necessitate to come back to Yeats subsequently with a more informed sentiment. Some of Yeats ' verse forms in this aggregation are meaningful, but I have small usage for poesy that is excessively esoteric and filled with useless allusions for the interest of sounding exalted. So like a spot of rock I lie / Under a broken tree. When I came across these lines I could n't assist but inquire whether this was a mention to Fascism by manner of John Heartsfield 's O Tannenbaum... image of a tree twisted into the form of a Hakenkreuz ; or whether he thought it up independently. But of class, it is likely simply mention to many other cases of rock and tree combined, merely another illustration of a common association. We ne'er truly cognize unless the poet successfully tells us so. In this instance, we come across the rock several times and it becomes a kid in a female parent 's weaponries every bit good as the writer 's. Bing all entirely I 'd nurse a rock / And sing it lullaby. These lines are from the same verse form, A Man Young and Old, and I believe the rock is Yeats 's device to link the two terminals, the kid and the old adult male. The rock therefore can besides be thought of as typifying a uroboric event. This is merely to plane ( like a rock ) across this text and suggest the possible significance of the tree every bit good as portion of the uroboric bunch. this book was really good. Yeats is regarded as a great poet. I agree. However, I think this book 's high spots, Sailing To Byzantium and The Second Coming, are the lone grounds for picking it up. Again, I could be incorrect. These reappraisals are largely comprised of my sentiments, and I have learned that sentiments are all right, but the discerning reader will gravitate to what impresses itself upon him, non what person else has said. And, like the Xena book, there was a infinite on the alphabetical list where Y should be. ( Of class, the Xena book occupied the X infinite, non the Y. ) ( You, the spoting reader, already knew that, but this is the absurd train header for the rational end point. ) ( Blah, bombast, bombast ) Written upon buying Ballylee palace. A aggregation of verse forms refering love, alienation, the psyche, truth and neo-platonic doctrine. Rather enjoyed this aggregation. Written by an older Yeats, who was like oh adult male, these darns childs and these brainsick Irish, but besides how do I understand clip and history and cement my topographic point in them? Favorite was the rubric verse form, and his queerly defensive verse form to Lady Gregory. Snowed in, my girlfriend cut my hair in my kitchen and I read out loud from The Tower. Later that afternoon we trudged to a java store through waist-high snow and I finished it over a cup of highly strong java. The coffee-shop proprietor had The Kinks on. 5 stars is unequal to depict this book. Crap, I 'd wish to Own this. I am so stoked about reading this book. Yeats was a magnetic figure in the universe of literature, so alone. He does n't reiterate one time more.So fascinating. He was originative to the last minute of his life, to his decease. No poet is like that. The kernel he absorbed from the dirt & the land of Ireland.Ireland comes so absorbing to me... Is he the greatest English linguistic communication poet of the twentieth century? Possibly. The rankings do n't count. The beautiful music of these verse forms affairs. Some first-class verse forms. Quite liked Sailing to Byzantium.
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